MGMA confirms costs outpace revenues
A recent report from MGMA confirms that operating costs are rising faster than revenue in many medical group practices. Although the findings are not surprising, the effect of the costs-revenue disparity is continuing to unfold, and how practices and health systems are responding could have serious implications for the practice of medicine.
MGMA Cost Survey: 2008 Reports Based on 2007 Data states that although multispecialty group practices reported a 5.5% increase in median total revenue in 2007, median operating costs rose by 6.5%.
Many single-specialty practices reported a similar trend. For example, cardiology practices’ median total medical revenue decreased 0.61%, and operating costs rose 6.3%.
MGMA also reports that during the past decade, operating expenses have risen from 58 cents per dollar of revenue to 61 cents.
According to MGMA, the drivers of the trend include the:
No surprise, but …
None of this should be a surprise to anyone who has been running a practice. A declining economy and escalating pressures from Medicare and other payers mean practices must work harder to maintain the status quo. What is news is that physicians, consultants, hospitals, and others are growing more concerned, and problems that have been brewing for years are receiving more attention, says Mary J. Witt, vice president of The Camden Group in El Segundo, CA.
Margins have been diminishing during the past decade, and hospitals have been particularly hard hit, says Allen Dye, vice president of marketing at Merritt Hawkins & Associates in Irving, TX.
But now that practices are affected, the problem is gaining more notice, Dye says. “People are more inclined to listen to doctors than to hospital administrators,” he says. “As if anything else was needed to suggest that healthcare is far from recession-proof.”
Too many eggs in one basket?
Physicians and groups offset practice overhead and add revenue streams when they expand into ancillary areas, such as imaging, lab services, and surgery centers. Although this works for diversified groups, it may have the opposite effect in subspecialty practices, says Dye.
Subspecialization may contribute to some of the financial woes practices are facing, especially with surgical subspecialties, as there isn’t the same opportunity to spread out the risk as in a more diversified practice.
“They are not as insulated from market change,” Dye says. Moreover, as the practices add surgery centers and make other attempts to “look and feel more like hospitals, they are going to see what [hospital] margins have been doing for a long time,” he says.
Practices are—or should be—questioning the role of services and procedures, says Steven A. Nahm, vice president of The Camden Group. Such questions include:
Although it makes sense to review how compensation models are structured, “restructuring compensation arrangements or agreements is not the primary response or solution to an economic imbalance,” says Nahm.
“For many years, groups have been forced to adjust compensation models to [ones that are] production-based,” says Jim Fuller, marketing vice president of Delta Physician Placement in Dallas. “Most groups offer a fair base salary for a short term—one to two years maximum—and then change to the production model.”
Expect more emphasis on practice style and resource consumption. Practices are becoming more sensitive to the expense side of the equation, say Witt and Nahm.
One critical question for practices is simple and complex, says Nahm. “In a multiple-physician practice, how should overhead be allocated among physicians, especially when there are large variances in their usage of office space and staff?” he says.
The issue isn’t restricted to full-time physicians. Practices are also considering whether compensation models should “take into account part-time or underperforming physicians or midlevel providers who do not fully maximize the overhead allocated to them,” Nahm says.
Witt is working with practices that have a few resource-intensive physicians, which directly affects overhead. Eventually, it will have to be factored into compensation, she says, but addressing the issue may be a challenge: “They are having some interesting conversations.”
Recruiting efforts remain dependent on location, says Nahm. For example, in California, reimbursement is low, causing practices to be at a competitive disadvantage, he says, adding that many practices are reluctant to recruit.
Nahm says practices are asking themselves questions such as, “Will adding a new associate be a financial drain or benefit to the practice? Can a new physician add ancillary volume, add a new profitable service line capacity, [and] share in overhead expenses?” This is especially true for solo practices. Many of these physicians are not bringing in associates and, accordingly, they are not thinking about succession planning.
“How do you replace those older physicians who don’t want to recruit anybody? That becomes another challenge for hospitals trying to stabilize their medical staff,” says Witt.
From the physician-alignment perspective, hospitals and health systems are trying to create other employment vehicles that will recruit new residents without hurting the existing medical staff. And hospitals, as well as organizations such as Kaiser Permanente, have increasing appeal, especially in areas in which reimbursement is low.
Hospitals buying practices
One way to ensure a steady supply of physicians is for hospitals to purchase practices. And that’s what they are doing, says Fuller. Hospitals often feel compelled to purchase the groups to maintain community stability. Many hospitals that purchase and manage practices are willing to accept a practice loss for the offsetting benefits, such as ED coverage, Fuller says.
Nahm and Witt report a similar trend. A major issue for practices considering selling to a hospital or health system is figuring out how their compensation models would change, say Nahm and Witt.
“Selling a practice is not a panacea for physicians seeking a huge buyout,” says Witt. Practices are not selling for the high multiples that were seen in the last buying cycle.
The cost-revenue disparity and the current economic crisis have led to other changes, including:
‘A pretty good mess’
Even with all the issues raised by the report, it is just that—a report, Dye says, adding that it’s not predictive, and you should not respond rashly. Being too reactive and reactionary would only make things worse, Dye says. “We don’t want people to freak out,” he adds.
This report will require physicians and payers to reexamine how medicine is practiced, says Witt.
Still, don’t mistake Dye’s call for calm for undue optimism. “We’ve got a pretty good mess on our hands,” he says. “Ultimately, it is broken.”