A nationally widespread insurance scam has been shut down in California after hundreds of victims were duped into paying premiums for a Kaiser Permanente health plan through a phony labor union, state officials said. Kaiser never received a large portion of the money the enrollees paid.
The Ponzi-like scheme, operated by Raymond, Thomas, and Jean Palombo of Riverside, CA, under the name Contractors and Merchants Association or CMA, has also been shut down in at least six other states, including Texas, Georgia, Oklahoma, Nebraska, Florida, and North Carolina, in recent years.
The Palombos also operated the scam under the name Progressive Health Alliance in some of those states and involved other health insurance companies such as Aetna and Healthnet, according to state documents. A previous Palombo operation was shut down by another California state agency in 1999, but the Palombos were not personally named in that order. This time, the Palombos and CMA have been permanently barred from selling HMO or PPO plans in California.
“It is critical that we protect healthcare consumers from phony, Madoff-like scams that take their scarce dollars and leave them without insurance coverage,” said a statement from Cindy Ehnes, director of the state Department of Managed Health Care (DMHC), which issued the order to stop the fraudulent plan. “We shut down this particular operation before Californians were severely harmed, and with Kaiser’s support, got them into secure coverage. Our action sends the message that fraudulent health coverage rip-offs will not be tolerated by this administration.”
In California, about 200 people and another 300 of their dependents were wooed through the Internet to join CMA, says Michael McClelland, lead counsel for the DMHC. Additionally, they were required to join a phony labor union, International Union of Industrial and Independent Workers, to buy the plan, McClelland says. Most of those recruited were older or had preexisting conditions such as diabetes that made them ineligible for most private insurance plans, he says.
Labor unions can legally purchase and organize health insurance plans for their members; however, this labor union did not represent any workers or engage in collective bargaining, and thus was not legally entitled to purchase health insurance from Kaiser, says McClelland.
“It’s not lawful to use a labor union to sell health insurance to the general public without a license,” he says.
Across the country, the Palombo operations paid health plans in “spits and spurts to keep delaying the inevitable, which is to default paying the premium entirely,” says McClelland, who characterizes the operation as “a Ponzi-like” fraud.
The DMHC negotiated with Kaiser to enable CMA’s victims to continue to be enrolled under a Kaiser individual rather than a Kaiser group plan without having to apply for medical underwriting, which would have disqualified most if not all of them, McClelland says. Their premiums did undergo adjustment based on their age and residence, and although some rates rose a bit, most went down or remained the same, he says.
“Kaiser also continued CMA coverage throughout the DMHC’s investigation, despite not receiving the premium payments for months at a time,” the agency said in a statement.
CMA and the labor union paid some money to Kaiser from the enrollees’ premiums, but for various periods of time “were a couple hundred thousand dollars behind in payment,” McClelland says. “Kaiser could have cut them off, but they did not.”
As long as there were “tons of people buying the plans, there was enough money to pay the premiums and skim money off the top,” says McClelland. “The average enrollee was paying roughly $500–$600 per month, and the actual premiums Kaiser was charging was half of that. Half of the money was going into the pockets of Palombos and the union.”
He says the deal went sour when, “for whatever reason—greed, falling membership—the union stopped paying on the contract.”
According to the U.S. Department of Labor, when the labor union was shut down, health plans across the country had provided $4 million in care for enrollees who paid their premiums to the Palombo operations, but those operations never forwarded that money to the health plans during time, says McClelland.
The state first got wind of the CMA two years ago when an enrollee objected to being required to join a labor union to obtain health coverage. After a lengthy investigation, the state agency discovered that enrollees were solicited through the Internet and by licensed brokers. The state has also suspended the license of one of those brokers who sold the union contract to Kaiser.
The California department is the only one of its kind in the country, overseeing health plans that enroll more than 21 million Californians. Amy Dobberteen, chief of the agency’s Office of Enforcement, said several other sham health insurance operations are currently under investigation in the state.