Tampa-based WellCare Health Plans, Inc., on May 5 agreed to enter a deferred prosecution agreement with the United States Department of Justice and pay $80 million in restitution and forfeiture in order to avoid healthcare fraud charges. The agreement left open the opportunity for the feds to prosecute individuals involved in the case.
After an ongoing investigation, more than 200 special agents and investigators from the FBI, OIG, and the Florida Medicaid Fraud Control Unit raided WellCare offices, according to a DOJ press release.
The investigation and subsequent raid arose from allegations that WellCare falsely and fraudulently inflated expenditure information submitted to the Florida Medicaid and Healthy Kids programs from mid-2002 through 2006.
In order to avoid healthcare fraud conviction, WellCare must abide by several DPA requirements, including:
The fact that the DOJ included a provision requiring WellCare to cooperate with the government's investigations of individuals says that those individuals will likely face criminal charges, says Steve Miller, JD, chief compliance officer for Capital Health System in Trenton, NJ.
"(The DPA) doesn't waive the government's right to pursue individuals, it just says they will not prosecute the corporation," he says. "They likely will be prosecuting individuals or they wouldn't have bothered putting that [requirement] in there."
The DOJ often uses DPAs to avoid putting a company through prosecution, which would likely lead to the company going out of business. The goal of a DPA is to acquire restitution and hold people accountable for their actions, in hopes the company will improve its practices going forward, Miller says.
"The government doesn't want to take a corporation the size of WellCare and put it out of business," he says. "A lot of innocent players would be affected by that."