There's no doubt about it: obesity—especially for children—has become a critical and costly problem in the United States, said Health and Human Services Secretary Kathleen Sebelius at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's first conference on the "Weight of the Nation" in Washington Tuesday. And it's a problem that needs to be part of the healthcare reform debate, she noted.
Currently, more than two-thirds of American adults—and almost one out of every five American children—are obese or overweight, Sebelius said. A report released the day before observed that obesity costs the American health system as much as $147 billion a year, a number that has nearly doubled since the CDC last calculated the rate in 1998.
"To put that figure in perspective, the American Cancer Society estimates that all cancers combined cost our healthcare system $93 billion a year," she said. "So ending obesity would save our healthcare system 50% more dollars than curing cancer."
But while this picture is bleak, there is hope—especially at school, community, and federal levels—that obesity can be tackled. A new report released Tuesday on school district wellness policies finds that the mission to promote better health "won't be easy," she said. But steps can be taken toward "developing a national blueprint for how to get Americans to slim down while trimming a significant chunk of our healthcare costs at the same time."
The report, prepared by researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago and supported by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, examined policy opportunities that emphasize wellness to improve a child's quality of life, such as:
These suggestions emphasize "transforming our healthcare system from a sickness system to a wellness system," she said. If the government wants people to start eating healthy food, "we need to start serving it," she said. That means offering more nutritious meals—not just in public schools, but in child care centers, recreation centers, senior centers, and other government buildings.
"And we need to serve these healthy meals at a price that people can afford. Some people say that if kids don't want to eat healthy, they're not going to no matter what," she said. "But there are a handful of high school cafeterias around the country that would disagree. They cut the prices of fruits and carrots and sales started to rise."