MDS Item of the week: Subitem P1bdA, Respiratory therapy
Editor's note: This week's edition of Ask SNFInfo includes an excerpt of an article titled "Breathe easier financially: Hone assessment skills to capture respiratory therapy on the MDS," from the newsletter PPS Alert. Expect more helpful tips and advice from PPSA in every issue to come!
Subitem P1bdA, respiratory therapy/number of days, is one of the 108 payment items used in the Resource Utilization Group (RUG) grouper for PPS.
Item P1bdA can help classify a resident into the special care RUG category or it can factor into the total "extensive count" to place a resident in a specific RUG group within the extensive services category
It is also worth noting that accurately coding all qualifiers for the upper-35 RUGs can help you maintain administrative presumption during medical review if reviewers find that the primary skilled services were not reasonable and necessary.
Finally, item P1bd can significantly affect Medicaid payments in some states, such as
Respiratory therapy treatments that can be coded in item P1bd include coughing, deep breathing, heated nebulizers, aerosol treatments, assessing breath sounds, and mechanical ventilation. Misunderstandings about the criteria for capturing these respiratory therapy services and inadequate documentation systems contribute to the undercoding of respiratory therapy services, says Orth.
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