Funding Cuts Spur Healthcare Job Shifts
The pace of hospital job growth has slowed to a crawl this year. The root cause is "not just healthcare reform," says one analyst, citing about $100 billion of other cuts since 2010.
Slideshow: Percent Change in Employment
Healthcare reform, federal funding cuts, a sluggish economy, and new technologies and treatments are accelerating a longstanding trend that has seen healthcare job creation shift away from hospitals and toward outpatient ambulatory care.
Nicole Smith and Artem Gulish, analysts from the Georgetown University Center on Education and the Workforce, said in an email exchange with HealthLeaders Media that ambulatory care employment first outgrew hospital employment in 1995 with the gap widening ever since. For the past 13 years hospital employment has been growing at a slower pace than the overall healthcare sector while ambulatory services has grown at a faster pace than the sector.
"The slow growth in hospital employment and fast growth in ambulatory care services has been the trend in healthcare since the 1990s," say Smith and Gulish, citing Bureau of Labor Statistics data. "This trend has been driven by the move away from high-cost, high-risk hospital care and towards more convenient, lower-cost ambulatory care… In recent years this trend has been driven by development of new technologies that have allowed patients who previously required hospital care to be treated in ambulatory setting, such as the use of stents for many people who previously required bypass surgery."
- CMS Sets 2014 Pay Rates for Hospital Outpatient and Physician Services
- FDA hopes hospitals will switch to newly regulated pharmacies
- The 5 Biggest Healthcare Finance Trouble Spots
- Not-for-Profit Hospitals Find Opportunity Amid Uncertainty
- Nonprofit Hospital Outlook 'Negative' in 2014
- The Most Polarizing Topics in Healthcare IT
- How CPOE Will Make Healthcare Smarter
- Why You Should Involve Patients in Nursing Handoffs
- Are ACOs Really Different from HMOs?
- Rise of the Chief Strategy Officer