ACA Replacement Plan Is 'Disaster' in the Making, CA Experts Say
Stakeholders claim the GOP proposal's freeze on Medicaid expansion and ultimate restructure would cut coverage for vulnerable Californians, but would not reduce premiums or trim spending on healthcare.
This story originally appeared in California Healthfax.
California policy experts say the GOP plan to repeal and replace the Affordable Care Act (ACA) could result in millions of state residents losing health coverage through changes to Medicaid.
The plan, unveiled in the House of Representatives last week and dubbed the American Health Care Act, would eliminate the individual mandate to purchase insurance along with penalties for not purchasing coverage.
In addition, the proposal would freeze Medicaid expansion starting in 2020 and transition Medicaid to a block grant program that allocates funding on a per-capita basis.
The plan would also allocate federal subsidies for coverage based on age instead of income and make subsidies available to people with incomes of up to $75,000 per year.
Two committees voted to advance the bill last week, but it could face opposition from conservative Republicans as well as Democrats on the House floor.
Gerald Kominski, director of the UCLA Center for Health Policy Research, described the proposed replacement as a "disaster" that would do nothing to reduce premiums or cut spending on healthcare.
'A Public Health Disaster'
"Overall, this bill is a public health disaster that will do nothing to lower premiums or increase coverage, since the only costs that will be lower will be federal costs for tax credits," said Kominski.
"However, because this bill repeals all the revenue-generating provisions of the ACA, the net cost of the bill is likely to be high, thus increasing the federal deficit. I have no idea how Republicans plan to address this problem."
The California Hospital Association (CHA) expressed concerns about provisions of the bill that would change the way Medicaid is financed and potentially reduce funding.
"The plan's proposal to restructure Medicaid will likely undo the important gains in coverage that have been made over the past few years," said CHA President and CEO C. Duane Dauner.
The CHA is also concerned about the plan's "failure to restore Medicare spending," despite its intent to roll back provisions of the ACA.