It also said that although medical residents spend "significant amounts of time" providing patient-care services under the supervision of attending faculty doctors, "the performance of such services is likewise essential to their education."
AHA also notes that since 2004, "the economic climate has simultaneously rendered the myriad services our nation's hospitals provide for their communities all the more 'crucial' and the resources of those hospitals even more 'scarce.'" With the economic downturn, teaching hospitals have become a "critical part of the safety net protecting indigent patients in need of healthcare and health education...while challenging the ability of hospitals to continue providing such protection."
Nationwide, the amount of Social Security taxes levied each year for medical residents is estimated at $700 million. Other friends of the court briefs have been filed in the case this summer by the Association of American Medical Colleges, the American Council on Education, and other universities representing hundreds of residency programs.