OIG called on HHS' Office of Civil Rights to continue a compliance review that began in 2009 to ensure that controls are in place to protect ePHI at covered entities.
OIG's Audit of Information Technology Security Included in Health Information Technology Standards examined ONC's mandate under the HITECH Act to develop HIT security as part of a national HIT interoperability infrastructure. The audit found "no HIT standards that included general information IT security controls … which provide the structure, policies, and procedures that apply to a healthcare provider's overall computer operations, ensure the proper operation of information systems, and create a secure environment for application systems and controls."
OIG said the findings on ONC, when combined with vulnerabilities found in earlier audits of hospitals, Medicare contractors, and state Medicaid agencies, "raise concern about the effectiveness of IT security for HIT if general IT security controls are not addressed."
ONC concurred with the audits recommendations that it:
The complete ONC report may be viewed here.