IBM Watson compiles price fluctuation data over the past decade in the wholesale acquisition costs for the 10 most-frequently administered emergency department drugs.
Hospitals saved more than $3,200 per patient over the course of a hospital stay when palliative care was added to their routine care.
Patient factors associated with a lower use of opioids include older age, no history of anxiety, and lower pain scores at discharge. Researchers say one-size-fits-all opioid prescribing may not be in patients' best interest.
Advocates urge clinicians to consult with elective surgery patients about local anesthetics shortages, the potential health risks, and alternative forms of pain management.
Doctors have turned to second-choice pain drugs and increased their use of local anesthetics such as lidocaine. But even those local anesthetics are now in short supply.
Family physicians say payers don't remove the barriers to non-pharmacological alternatives to chronic pain management such as physical therapy and home healthcare.
Drug overdose deaths in 2016 increased in all categories of drugs examined for men and women, people ages 15 and older, all races and ethnicities, and across all levels of urbanization.
Hospital pharmacists are working long hours to find alternatives, forcing nurses to administer second-choice drugs or deliver standard drugs differently.
In order to prevent opioid misuse, case managers need to understand how the problem may develop.
Two hospitals have demonstrably cut length of stay and improved survivorship among the most vulnerable of patients. Meanwhile, they've increased capacity and improved care.