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Obamacare Pushed Nonprofit Hospitals To Do Good Beyond Their Walls. Now What?

By Kaiser Health News  
   March 16, 2017

Requiring a "community health needs assessment" was part of a package of rules included in the ACA to ensure that nonprofit hospitals justify the tax exemption they receive.

This article first appeared March 16, 2017 on Kaiser Health News.

By Shefali Luthra

For the past six years, Mardi Chadwick has run a violence prevention program at Boston's Brigham and Women's Hospital. The program's goal is to address broader, community-based health issues and social problems that make people ill or prone to repeated injury from gunshots, stabbings or environmental causes.

In Chadwick's view, this endeavor — almost from its inception — made a big difference in nearby neighborhoods. But its profile in the eyes of hospital administrators got a boost from an Affordable Care Act provision that required nonprofit hospitals to conduct triennial assessments of local health needs and devise strategies, updated yearly, to address them. Falling short would trigger a financial penalty.

"Everyone, all of a sudden, cares about the social determinants of health," she said. "Our expertise is being brought in. … We have a bigger seat at the table."

But will programs like this one continue to get such attention? As the GOP-controlled Congress works to scrap Obamacare, the answer is uncertain.

Requiring this "community health needs assessment" was part of a broader package of rules included in the health law to ensure that nonprofit hospitals justify the tax exemption they receive. Another directive was that these facilities establish public, written policies about financial assistance available for medically necessary and emergency care and that they comply with limits on what patients who qualify for the aid can be charged.

These requirements add to the ongoing controversy about whether all nonprofit hospitals do enough to deserve a tax break. People on one side of the issue view the assessment rule, for instance, as an undue, unfunded burden while others say it doesn't do enough. So far, though, the community health assessment requirement hasn't exactly been a hot topic in the repeal-and-replace debate and was not addressed by the House Republicans' health plan unveiled March 6.

Kaiser Health News is a national health policy news service that is part of the nonpartisan Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation.


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