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Analysis

Female Physicians Earn 8% Less than Men

By Lena J. Weiner  
   July 18, 2016

Data shows that women physicians make about $20,000 a year less than their male counterparts. But there's no data—yet—that shows how much of wage discrimination is intentional.

Women graduate from colleges and universities at higher rates than men. Three current supreme court judges are women. The presumptive Democratic presidential nominee is a woman.

But despite these chipper talking points, the evidence is clear: We still have a long journey ahead of us before we reach gender equality and income disparities are still very real.

And healthcare is no different than other fields, a recent study published in JAMA Internal Medicine illustrates.

Anupam B. Jena, MD, the study's lead author, spoke with me recently about the findings. He is associate professor of healthcare policy. The transcript below has been lightly edited.

HLM: Tell about your study and what you were trying to find out.

Jena: A number of studies both inside and outside of healthcare have found wage disparities between men and women for decades now. One of the questions that constantly comes up is whether or not the research is able to count all of the factors that we know impact income.

HLM: Tell about the data used in the study.

Jena: We had really unique data from two sources. We assembled data from 24 medical schools in 12 states.

These states have laws that require state employees' wages to be reported online, so we were able to create a database of physicians at state medical schools with their actual salaries.

We linked that data to information from a comprehensive physician database assembling data on a whole host of characteristics, including experience, specialty, where they trained, how many publications they've authored, how many grants they have, and how many clinical trials they've run.

We also obtained information that is publically available from Medicare on clinical reimbursements. So, we had detailed information on physician salaries and a lot of measures of research and clinical activity that we could merge together. 

All told, we looked at about 10,000 physicians, and we found that women earn about 8% less than men.

HLM: Can you put that into perspective?

Jena:
The difference in earnings comes out to about $20,000 annually, which is quite a bit of money.

Lena J. Weiner is an associate editor at HealthLeaders Media.


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